I work at the University of Wisconsin Space Science & Engineering Center (SSEC), where we participate in field campaigns & experiments each year. A cool field experiment that we’ve participated in the past few summers has an instrument designed at SSEC hitching a ride on a Global Hawk drone that flies above hurricanes.
Other SSEC field experiments may rely on our mobile lab. Last year, SSEC’s mobile lab — a converted Winnebago RV — finally reached the end of the road after more than 20 years of service. It was replaced this year by a large custom trailer towed by a pickup truck.
The new mobile lab was dubbed the SSEC Portable Atmospheric Research Center, or SPARC, and made its debut this summer at the Front Range Air Pollution Experiment (FRAPPE) in Colorado.
For field experiments, our role in the Technical Computing group (SSEC’s IT team) is to stay at SSEC and provide researchers in the field with remote assistance, when needed. This time, however, SSEC decided to send some IT support into the field to make sure the first SPARC deployment went smoothly. And that’s how I got to go on my first field experiment.
To back up a bit (ok, a lot), SSEC was founded in 1965 by UW professor Verner Suomi, who is widely considered the ‘father’ of satellite meteorology. He developed the groundbreaking ‘spin-scan’ camera that flew on the first geostationary weather satellite, ATS-1. Suomi’s spin-scan camera allowed meteorologists to watch cloud movement across the western hemisphere from space, illuminating storm development and global weather patterns. We now take for granted the weather satellites’ live views of hurricanes when we see them on TV, but it started in 1966 with the spin-scan camera developed here at SSEC.
Today, SSEC is still a leader in the field of satellite meteorology. To name just a few of our research projects: we develop algorithms to determine wind speeds observed by weather satellites, new warning products that provide earlier warnings of dangerous thunderstorm development or alerts of volcanic ash clouds, and we continue work on advancing the state of the art in satellite meteorology instruments.
Another SSEC forte is validation. We have ground-based instruments we can point at the sky and obtain vertical ‘profiles’ of the atmosphere — for example, are there aerosols or ash particles from wildfires aloft, and if so at what altitude? The data from our ground-based instruments can be used to validate results from other ground-based instruments and instruments flying above on satellites or airplanes.
For the FRAPPE experiment, the SPARC was parked at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (BAO). Two to three times a day, a NASA P-3 airborne observatory would descend over BAO in a series of spirals as onboard instruments measured air pollution.
While the P3 spiraled down, two instruments in the SPARC were looking up — the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) and High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL). The vertical profiles of the atmosphere these instruments provide are important datasets for the FRAPPE researchers measuring air pollution.
As part of the FRAPPE experiment, we also launch radiosondes (weather balloons) at noon each day to to help validate results from the AERI and provide yet another dataset for researchers. As an IT guy who’s also a bit of a weather nerd, I have to admit I was really geeked out about the opportunity to launch weather balloons.
The site manager for the BAO was also nice enough to take visitors up the 300 meter (nearly 1,000 foot) tower for a view from the top. We had to wear harnesses, clip on to safety tethers and climb into a small three-person elevator for the ride to the top. There, we could step out onto small platforms and see the front range mountains to the west and Denver to the south. It was a hazy day, but still a really cool view (and ride).
We had some downtime on my next-to-last day in Colorado, so a colleague and I made the short drive from BAO to Rocky Mountains National Park, drove to the Apline Visitor Center and hiked for a few miles on the Alpine Summit and Ute trails.
This was my first time hiking in the Rocky Mountains and it was a real treat. I’m not a ‘technical’ hiker, so we kept to some fairly simple trails, but the views were spectacular. We also came across some snow, a lot of wildflowers, some neat little mountain ponds and wildlife (elk and marmots).
Below, I have pictures from our hike, a few from my trip up the BAO tower, and some pictures of our instruments at work.